The process of growing older with the passage of time, with respect to the social, physical, and psychological changes, is known as aging.
3 Signs of Skin Aging
Internal Cause of Skin Aging
External cause of Skin Aging
Steps to reduce effects of Aging
From the age of 25 signs of aging are seen on the skin. From wrinkles to fine lines and loss of moisture can be seen on the skin.
Skin aging is categorized into three signs:
The first sign is that wrinkles are seen on the skin near your eyes in the 20s and 30s. And then they are also seen on the forehead afterward.
The second sign is the skin loses its natural volume as the structures of our face change and due to aging in the 40s. It looks like the skin is sagging due to less definition of the facial contour. And the facial expression looks like the person is sad or tired.
The third sign is wrinkles getting deep and the skin loses its natural glow and firmness, and it’s more elastic.
Types of Skin Aging:
Some theories help us know how and why types of Skin Aging are seen in our body.
The types of Skin Aging are:
Cellular Aging: A cell in our body is able to replicate itself 50 times in our body, but after that, the genetic material is no longer able to copy accurately. This process during which the cell loses its functional characteristic of replication of the cell is known as Cellular Senescent.
The collection of these Senescent Cells is the start of Cellular Aging, which is then converted into Biological Aging. Cellular Senescent develops more when the need to replicate cells increases, which happen due to damage done to the cells because of free radicals and environmental factors affecting the skin.
Aging due to Cumulative Damage:
Aging due to Cumulative Damage: Cumulative Damage is caused due to external factors that are build up over time and affecting the skin. The factors that cause accumulative damage are UV rays, Unhealthy food, exposure to toxins, and pollution are some of many reasons which take a toll on the human body. And these external factors can also damage the DNA over time.
This promotes rapid aging over time Accumulative damage decreases the ability of the body to repair itself.
Hormonal Aging: A very important and huge role is played by the Hormones in aging. Most importantly during childhood in muscles and bone development and development of the secondary characteristics in males and females.
Over a period of time hormones changes and the output of many of the hormones diminishes due to which there are certain changes in our skin like there are wrinkles, the skin becomes loose, and the firmness is lost. It also results in loss of muscle tone, sex drive, and bone density.
Metabolic Aging: As we do the tasks in our daily routine the food in our body is constantly been converted into energy, which also produced byproducts, but some of them are harmful to our body as well. This process of metabolism, although being necessary, can cause damage to cells in the body and this is known as Metabolic Aging.
According to some experts, if you slow down the Metabolic process with the help of practices like restricting the calorie, the process of aging may also slow down in your body.
Internal Causes for Skin Aging
Some of the factors that cause skin aging are inevitable. These are natural factors that are also known as internal or chronological factors.
They are as follows:
Changes in hormones: A decrease in several in the number of Estrogens (hormones that give instructions) results in reduced no of messaging between the cells.
Poor blood supply: poor blood supply impedes the delivery of oxygen and other nutrients. Due to which the skin loses its radiance, and it becomes duller.
Genetics: genetics plays an important role in skin aging. The type of skin we have when we were born helps decide how our skin would be, or when the signs of aging will appear on our face. People with sensitive skin are more likely to have wrinkles at an early age than other people. While people with other types are more likely to have uneven skin but have wrinkles in the later part.
External factors for Skin Aging
Along with the internal factors, some external factors also affect skin aging.
These factors are:
Sun: sun rays are considered to be one of the most primary factors for skin aging by an external cause. The skin damage that is caused due to the sun’s rays is called photo aging. Uneven pigmentation on the skin is a sign of aging due to external factors like the sun.
Smoking: Smoking is not only hazardous to health but also to the skin as the chemicals coming out of the cigarette in the form of smoke that increase the number of free radicals in the skin, which also intensifies the effect of sun exposure.
Pollution: It triggers the release of many damaging radical cells in the skin due to exposure to the pollution and worsens the effect by accelerating oxidative stress.
Nutrition: eating fruits and vegetables that are rich in antioxidants is necessary to provide the body the antioxidants that are required to neutralize the free radicals damaging the skin and the process of skin aging speeds up.
Steps to reduce effects of Aging
To reduce the effect of aging, one must follow these steps:
Healthy Lifestyle: one must maintain a healthy lifestyle and limit ourselves from exposure to pollution to minimize the stress that is caused due to exposure to the sun, the oxidative stress.
Sleep: you must have a good sleep of 6 to 9 hours daily. That helps you to be relaxed and fresh. Also, this is healthy for your skin as well.
Food: you must include fruits and vegetables minimize rich in antioxidants that help limit the defect caused by radicals on the skin. Apart from them, pulses and nuts are also good options to include in your diet plan to prevent your skin from aging sooner. You should also keep a check on your calorie and sugar intake if you use packaged food.
Stop Smoking: Although you need to make a few attempts to finally kick out the cigarettes, to reduce the effects of aging you must quit cigarettes as it improves blood circulation and blood pressure in your body and also greatly decreases the chances of cancer. There are few cessation aids available in the market to help you quit the habit of smoking.
Exercise: Exercise has been always beneficial for our body. Most of the time, we don’t do the exercise that we must do to have good health. You should do moderate to strenuous exercise for around 30 mins 5 days a week, to have good health. If not for 30 minutes you should at least try to do moderate exercises for 15 minutes daily which can help to increase the life expectancy and is good compared to completely not doing any exercise.
Socialize: According to psychology, socialization keeps us engaged. Maintain a good and healthy relationship with others. Make a point of meeting new people and be connected with the ones you love.
Don’t Take Stress: Chronic Stress and anxiety lead to the release of inflammatory stress hormones known as Cortisol, which damages your body. It is good to learn a few relaxation techniques or some mind and body therapies to control stress, which will help to relieve stress hormones pressure on cells.
1. Which are the foods that speed up the process of aging in our Body?
Fries, white bread, caffeine+ sugar, White sugar, dairy products, Alcohol, butter, or margarine, etc.
2. Which are the food that helps us look younger?
Some of the food products that make us look younger are Extra virgin olive oil, green tea, vegetables, Dark chocolate or Cocoa, flaxseeds, Avocados, Spices, Pomegranates, etc.
3. Which are the vitamins that make you look younger?
Vitamin D is considered one of the best vitamins for the skin and along with that vitamin C, K and E are also necessary. To have youthful and healthy-looking skin, you must make sure to get enough vitamins.
4. Does sugar age your face?
Yes, according to experts, Sugar ages us in many ways, internally as well as externally and that also includes our skin.
5. Does drinking water help to reduce wrinkles?
Drinking a good amount of water keeps your body hydrated and fresh, and also helps in maintaining the elasticity of the skin. Hence, people who drink a good amount of water are less likely to have wrinkles and scars and soft lines on their face and are likely to show fewer signs of aging in comparison to people who drink less water.
So, now that you know the sign, causes, types, and steps to reduce the effect of skin aging. Follow the steps and avoid habits that can affect aging and maintain a healthy lifestyle.