Obesity is a medical condition in which body fat is accumulated to such a level that it can cause negative effects on the human body and human health. When an individual’s Body Mass Index is over 30kg/m2, the person is considered as Over-Weight.
BMI is a measurement that we get by dividing the person's weight by doubling that person's height. Then by the chart given below, you can see in which category your BMI comes:
|Above 40||Serious Obesity|
Obesity is an open invitation to various diseases like heart disease, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Stroke, Arthritis, and various sleep disorders. It can lead an individual to various types of cancers both in men and women and depression also. It is mainly caused when an individual does the following things:
1- Intake of excess food that is not required.
2- Lack of physical exercise
3- Genetic Reasons also are there. Sometimes certain medications, endocrine disorders, or mental disturbance also lead to obesity. Sometimes a very slow metabolism is also responsible that a person gets overweight.
Top 5 Obese Countries
International locations that display the greatest obesity problems in the international are almost completely located in the Pacific Islands. Nauru (71%), American Samoa (74%), and Cook Islands (63%) are at the top countries reported having the highest proportion of people viewed as obese. Other countries include Tonga (57%) and Tokelau (63%), followed closely with the U.S ranking at 18th position with 33% and the U.K at 43rd rank with 27% of the population suffering from obesity.
Problems arising due to Obesity
Obesity is one of the major causes of death worldwide. According to various researchers, the risk of death is very low among individuals who do not smoke and have a BMI of 20 to 25kg/m2. In those individuals who smoke, the risk is a little much higher.
3- Diabetes -
Obesity is responsible for Type 2 diabetes in human beings. People who are overweight or suffering from obesity have 10 times more chances to have Diabetes type 2. Diabetes type 2 double up the chances of Death Rate. Diabetes Type 2 may lead to various problems:
Amputations in which the removal of a limb takes place.
- Heart and Kidney Diseases.
- Hypertension or High Blood Pressure.
- Nervous and Circulatory defects.
It is also known as High Blood Pressure. According to studies, 3 out of 4 cases of Hypertension are related to obesity. Hypertension increases the risk of various other diseases, including Coronary Heart Disease, Urological Issues, Strokes, Congestive Heart Failure.
5- Cardiological Disease -
Cardiological diseases or Heart Disease kills about 6 lakh people every year in the U.S. According to the American Heart Association, Obesity is mainly responsible for Heart Disease. People with extreme obesity are at high risk of having a Heart Attack or Coronary Artery Disease.
6- Respiratory Problems -
People suffering from obesity face problems related to the functioning of the lungs. These people have higher chances of having Asthma. According to studies, 3 out of 4 cases of Asthma are related to obesity.
As you know, as the BMI of individual increases, the risk of obesity increases, and obesity is mainly responsible for various cancers. Some are mentioned below:
Cervical and Ovarian Cancer in Women.
- Endometrial Cancer in Women.
- Post-Menopausal Breast Cancer.
- Esophageal and Pancreatic Cancer in both Men and Women.
- Gall Bladder Cancer in both Men and Women.
- Liver and Kidney Cancer in both Men and Women.
- Thyroid and Prostate Cancer in both Men and Women.
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is the type of cancer that happens inside the Lymphatic System. In this cancer, the body starts producing abnormal WBCs or Lymphocytes.
- Multiple Myeloma, where plasma cells, becomes cancerous and starts multiplying themselves.
Obesity is also responsible for various problems related to joints and bones, which includes the following:
- Gout in which too much pain and redness are there in joints.
- Spinal Disorders and Back Pain
- Pseudometer Cerebri, in this condition, headache and visual impairment happen.
7 Day Diet Plan for People Suffering from Obesity
|LUNCH- Green Tea with Vegetable broth.|
|DINNER-Herbed Chicken with green beans and berries for dessert.|
|BREAKFAST- Omelette with Green Apple.|
|LUNCH- Salad with walnuts and slices of pear.|
|DINNER- Grilled Pork.|
|LUNCH- Green Tea with Chicken broth.|
|DINNER- Chicken with berries.|
|BREAKFAST- Milkshake with mixed berries.|
|LUNCH- Ginger chicken with Stir-fried vegetables.|
|DINNER- Chicken curry with a green salad.|
|LUNCH- Green Tea with beef broth.|
|DINNER- Baked Catfish and broccoli and Seasonal fruits for dessert.|
|BREAKFAST- Eggs with bacon strawberries.|
|LUNCH- Baby Spinach and Lentil Salad.|
|DINNER- Peppered Steak Asparagus.|
|LUNCH- Green Tea with Vegetable broth.|
|DINNER- Grilled Chicken Salad and Dark Chocolate for Dessert.|
Humans need to maintain a healthy lifestyle with steady body weight by eating a balanced diet, getting involved in various physical exercises, and making significant societal modifications.
Careful personalized treatment is required for individuals with obesity and overweight issues to cope with the mounting epidemic rates of these conditions. Maintaining and attaining a balanced body weight helps people reduce the risk of developing serious health concerns, boost one’s self-confidence, and give more energy to enjoy life.
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