Prenatal Vitamins, Types and their Side Effects

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Prenatal Vitamins, Types and their Side Effects

What are Prenatal vitamins?

If you are pregnant, your doctor, OB / GYN, recommend taking prenatal vitamins to supplement the nutritional needs needed for the baby's development. Prenatal vitamins are a combination of vitamins and minerals needed by a woman before, during and after her pregnancy in her life as the baby grows. These vitamins and minerals include folic acid, Vitamin D, calcium, Iodine, and iron in various amounts. They also contain vitamins A, B, C, E, Zinc, Thiamine and magnesium. All of these are essential nutrients that are essential for a healthy diet.


Side effects of prenatal vitamins?

Most ladies who take them prescribed by their primary care physician or maternity specialist experience practically zero side effects from them. The iron in prenatal vitamins may cause constipation, and a few ladies feel sick. You likewise may have a low bowel movement, dark stools, low hunger, and stomach upset or cramps.


Should all pregnant ladies take prenatal vitamins?

Proper nutrition is significant for your infant's wellbeing. Your infant relies upon you for the entirety of your healthful requirements, including significant nutrients, enhancements, and minerals fundamental for embryonic and fetal development. Preferably, if you eat a healthy diet, it ought to give your developing child's wholesome requirements (aside from nutrient D and folic acid); notwithstanding, specialists suggest taking prenatal vitamins on the off chance that you are planning to conceive or are now pregnant, for your infant's wellbeing.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests multivitamin supplements for pregnant ladies who don't follow a healthy and full diet. In any case, your primary care physician or maternity specialist may suggest taking them, except if your doctor advises you a nutritionist for a healthful evaluation.


When should and for how long you should take prenatal vitamins?

Specialists, birthing assistants, and other medical care experts suggest that ladies start taking prenatal vitamins before becoming pregnant. The mind and spinal cord of the embryo start to create just after 3 to 4 months after you are pregnant. The CDC suggests that all ladies of childbearing age consume folic acid day by day to prevent thr problem of spina bifida and anencephaly. These genuine congenital disabilities influence the infant's developing cerebrum and spinal cord. Your primary care physician or maternity specialist may prescribe that you keep taking prenatal vitamins after you have your infant, particularly breastfeeding. If you intend to conceive, make a meeting with your primary care physician to examine any pregnancy planning concerns.


Different types of prenatal vitamins?

Prenatal vitamins contain folic acid (folate or folate supplements), calcium, iron, Iodine, Iodine, zinc, and vitamins A, E and C. Ingredients for prenatal vitamins vary from product to product. Your doctor will recommend the right type of birth control pill or supplement for your specific needs.

1- Iron: It is an essential nutrient for the development of the placenta and fetus. Iron is also important in increasing the number of red cells in the mother. Pregnant women should take about 30 mg/day of iron during pregnancy to prevent anemia.

2- Calcium and vitamin D: They are used to improve your baby's bones. The recommended amount of calcium is 1000 to 1300 mg per day for pregnant or breastfeeding women.

3- Folic acid: It is used to improve your baby's spine (helps prevent neural bone defects) and brain. The CDC recommends that all women of childbearing age daily consume 0.4 mg of folic acid.

4- Zinc: It helps your baby grow normally and can increase birth weight. Zinc deficiency can cause slow growth.

5- Iodine: It is needed for the growth and proper functioning of the thyroid gland. Deficiency can cause hypothyroidism in the mother or baby. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should take 220 to 290 mg of Iodine daily.

6- Vitamin A: Vitamin A is needed to develop the right eye. Deficiency can lead to night blindness. Pregnant women should take 770 mg a day for vitamin A.

Some vitamins and supplements if you are planning to conceive or are pregnant

Some prenatal supplements may contain vitamin B 12, omega-3 fatty acids, and docosahexaenoic acid (prenatal DHA) and other compounds.

Prenatal vitamins are available in many various forms; tablets, capsules, chewable and soft gels.


How and when should I take prenatal vitamins?

Taking prenatal vitamins with a light bite or after suppers and at sleep time may help decrease sickness. You can prevent constipation by drinking more liquids, eating food sources that contain fibre, and doing physical exercises, including cardio and yoga. Your medical care proficient may suggest stool softeners if common remedies don't help. 

Try not to take more prenatal vitamins than suggested. Try not to combine prenatal vitamins with other nutrient supplements except if your primary care physician or maternity specialist advises you to because extreme measures of nutrients can make hurt you and your developing child.


Who else can take prenatal vitamins?

If you answer yes to at least one of the below-mentioned questions, you have an increased risk of malnutrition. Your primary care physician will suggest that you take prenatal vitamins and talk with a dietitian. 

  1. Is it true that you are pregnant with more than one baby?

  2. Are you a Vegetarian? 

  3. Have you had a medical procedure for weight reduction (bariatric medical procedure)? 

  4. Do you have Crohn's sickness or different conditions that influence the absorption of nutrients? 

  5. Do you have lactase deficiency? 

  6. Do you utilize or misuse illegal medications? 

  7. Do you smoke and drink?


Where can I buy prenatal vitamins?

Prenatal vitamins are available from any medical store around your locality.



Many doctors recommend vitamins before childbirth, during your pregnancy, and after you have a baby. The developing fetus needs more vitamins to thrive. Prenatal vitamins contain iron, calcium and vitamin D, folic acid, zinc, and vitamin A. Some prenatal multivitamins also contain vitamin B 12 and omega-3 fatty acids.



Veer Singh

Veer Singh